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International Conference on Internal Medicine, will be organized around the theme “Intervening Internal Medicine for Primary Care”

Internal Medicine 2016 is comprised of 21 tracks and 203 sessions designed to offer comprehensive sessions that address current issues in Internal Medicine 2016.

Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks. All related abstracts are accepted.

Register now for the conference by choosing an appropriate package suitable to you.

Primary care is a healthcare given by the healthcare provider. This provider acts as first contact, principal point of continuing care for the patient within a health care system, and coordinates with other specialist care that the patient may need. Patients commonly get primary care from the primary care physician. Physicians specializing in internal medicine are called internist.

The World Health Organization attributes that, provision of essential primary care as an integral component of an inclusive primary health care strategy. Primary care involves widest scope of healthcare, including patients of all the ages, patients of all socioeconomic and geographic origins and the patients seeking to maintain optimal health, patients with all manner of acute and chronic physical, mental and social health issues, including multiple chronic diseases. Consequently, Primary care doctor must possess a wide breadth of knowledge in many areas. Continuity is a key characteristic of the primary care, as patients usually prefer to consult same practitioner for routine check-ups and preventive care, health education, and every time the patient requires an initial consultation about a new health problem.

Common chronic illnesses usually treated in primary care may include, hypertension, angina, diabetes, asthma,COPD, orthopaedic,depression and anxiety, back pain, arthritis or thyroid dysfunction. Primary care also includes many basic maternal and child health care services, such as family planning services and vaccinations.

In context of the global population ageing, with the increasing number of older adults at greater risk of chronic non-communicable diseases, demand for primary care services is expected to grow around the world, in both developed and developing countries. Different types of common diseases treated in primary care will be discussed in our scientific session.

  • Track 1-1Endocrinology in Internal Medicine
  • Track 1-2Haematology in Internal Medicine
  • Track 1-3Gastroenterology in Internal Medicine
  • Track 1-4Medical oncology in Internal Medicine
  • Track 1-5Pulmonary Disease in Internal Medicine
  • Track 1-6Rheumatology in Internal Medicine
  • Track 1-7Nephrology in Internal Medicine
  • Track 1-8Cardiovascular Disease in Internal Medicine
  • Track 1-9Dermatology in Internal Medicine
  • Track 1-10Neurology in Internal Medicine
  • Track 1-11Internal Medicine and Psycology

Medical diagnosis is a process of determining which disease or condition. Explains the symptoms and signs. It is most often referred to as diagnosis with medical context being implicit. Information required for diagnosis is typically collected from the history and physical examination of the person seeking medical care. Often, one or more diagnostic procedures, such as diagnostic tests, are also done during this process.

Diagnosis is often challenging, because many signs and the symptoms are nonspecific. 

Eg: redness of the skin (erythema), by itself, is a sign of many disorders and thus doesn't tell the healthcare professional what is wrong. Thus differential diagnosis, in which several possible explanations are compared and contrasted, must be performed. This involves the correlation of various pieces of information followed by the recognition and differentiation of patterns. Occasionally the process is made easy by a sign or symptom (or a group of several) that is pathognomonic.

Diagnosis is a major component of the procedure of a doctor's visit. From the point of view of statistics, the diagnostic procedure involves classification tests.

A diagnosis, in the sense of diagnostic procedure, can be regarded as an attempt at classification of an individual's condition into separate and distinct categories that allow medical decisions about treatment and prognosis to be made. Subsequently, a diagnostic opinion is often described in terms of a disease or other condition, but in the case of a wrong diagnosis, the individual's actual disease or condition is not the same as the individual's diagnosis.

     Different types of diagnosis will be discussed in our scientific sessions

  • Track 2-1Clinical Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-2Laboratory Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-3Radiology Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-4Principal Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-5Admitting Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-6Differential Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-7Prenatal Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-8Diagnosis of Exclusion in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-9Dual Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-10Self-Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-11Remote Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-12Nursing Diagnosis in Internal MedicinI
  • Track 2-13Computer Aided Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-14Over Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-15Wastebasket Diagnosis in Internal Medicine
  • Track 2-16Retrospective Diagnosis in Internal Medicine

Once a diagnostic opinion has been reached and provider is able to propose the management plan, which will include treatment plan as well as plan for follow-up. From this point on, in addition to treating patient's condition, the provider can educate patient about aetiology, progression, prognosis, other outcomes, and possible treatments of her or his ailments, as well as providing an advice for maintaining health.

A treatment plan is proposed which may include the therapy and follow-up consultations and tests to monitor condition and the progress of the treatment, if needed, usually according to medical guidelines provided by medical field on the treatment of the particular illness. A failure to respond to the treatment that would normally work may indicate a need for review of the diagnosis.

  • Track 3-1Hypertension
  • Track 3-2Diabetes
  • Track 3-3Heart Diseases
  • Track 3-4Neurological Diseases
  • Track 3-5Kidney Diseases
  • Track 3-6Arthritis
  • Track 3-7Skin Diseases
  • Track 3-8Cancer
  • Track 3-9Infections
  • Track 3-10Pulmonary Disease

In older adults, age comes an ever-greater concern for one’s health. In spite of older adults enjoying the longer and the more fulfilling life spans, they remain at a greater risk of contracting disease due to a number of factors. These factors include a weakened immune system, decrease in the overall activity and use of the medications that impact body’s immune system response. Disease prevention should be at the forefront of any healthcare strategy for older adults, with the ultimate goal of postponing dependency for as long as possible.

Older adults can prevent most diseases through a healthy lifestyle, including diet, exercise and lack of risky activity.

Early detection of certain diseases lowers the possibility of mortality while increasing the success rates of treatment and care. Comprehensive geriatric assessment may be necessary for those already coping with certain diseases.

Preventative measures usually include changes in one’s lifestyle, from increased exercise to quit smoking and alcohol consumption. Early detection, and prompt treatment of age-related diseases.

  • Track 4-1Nutrition in Adults
  • Track 4-2Physical Activity or Regular Exercise
  • Track 4-3Regular Health Check Up
  • Track 4-4Smoking Cessation
  • Track 4-5Alcohol Consumption
  • Track 4-6Sleep and Medical Health Conditions

Infectious disease is the subspecialty of internal medicine dealing with diagnosis and the treatment of communicable diseases of all types, in all organs, and in patients of all ages. This specialty requires an understanding of the microbiology, prevention, and management of disorders caused by viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections, including appropriate use of antimicrobial agents, vaccines, and other immune biological agents; environmental, occupational, and host factors that predispose to infection; and basic principles of epidemiology and transmission of infection. The emergence of drug-resistant bacteria, and AIDS epidemic have significantly affected this specialty. Diagnosis and the treatment for different infections will be discussed in our scientific sessions.

  • Track 5-1Viral Infections
  • Track 5-2Bacterial Infections
  • Track 5-3Fungal Infections
  • Track 5-4Parasitic Infections
  • Track 5-5Prevention
  • Track 5-6Management of Disorder

Adolescent medicine (Hebiatrics) is the medical subspecialty that focuses on care of  the patients who are in  adolescent period of development, generally ranging from last years of elementary school until graduation from the high school (some doctors in this subspecialty treat young adults attending college at area clinics, in the subfield of college health). Main health issues related to adolescent medicine will be discussed in our scientific sessions

  • Track 6-1HIV
  • Track 6-2Diabetes Type-1
  • Track 6-3Asthma
  • Track 6-4Neurological Problems
  • Track 6-5Eating Disorders
  • Track 6-6Mental Illnesses
  • Track 6-7Menstrual Disorders
  • Track 6-8Infectious Diseases
  • Track 6-9Alcohol and Drug Abuse
  • Track 6-10Malnutrition and Obesity
  • Track 6-11Exercise and Nutrition
  • Track 6-12Tobacco Use

Immunization is a process whereby the person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines stimulate body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease. Vaccination is the administration of antigenic material (a vaccine) to stimulate the individual's immune system to develop adaptive immunity to a pathogen.

  • Track 7-1Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis Td/Tdap
  • Track 7-2Flu Shots Facts and Side Effects
  • Track 7-3Pneumococcal Vaccine
  • Track 7-4Immunization and Chronic Disease
  • Track 7-5Shingles
  • Track 7-6Meningococcal
  • Track 7-7MMR, Measles, Mumps, Rubella
  • Track 7-8Human Papilloma Virus
  • Track 7-9Chickenpox Varicella
  • Track 7-10Hepatitis A
  • Track 7-11Hepatitis B
  • Track 7-12Hb Hoemophilus Influenza Type b
  • Track 7-13Chronic Disease and Vaccination

Intensive care medicine or the critical care medicine is a branch of medicine concerned with diagnosis and management of life-threatening conditions requiring sophisticated organ support and the invasive monitoring. Different conditions under critical care will be discussed in our scientific sessions.

  • Track 8-1Unstable Hypertension and Hypotension
  • Track 8-2Respiratory Problems in Critical Care
  • Track 8-3Acute Renal Failure
  • Track 8-4Cardiac Arrhythmias
  • Track 8-5Multi Organ Dysfunction Syndrome
  • Track 8-6Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Medical oncology is the specialization in internal medicine, medical oncologist specializes in treating cancer with the chemotherapy (use of drugs to kill cancer cells, usually by stopping the cancer cells’ ability to grow and divide) or other medications, such as targeted therapy and oral (in pill form) chemotherapy. Different types of cancers treated under medical oncology will be discussed in our scientific sessions.

  • Track 9-1Lung Cancer
  • Track 9-2Stomach Cancer
  • Track 9-3Bladder Cancer
  • Track 9-4Colorectal Cancer
  • Track 9-5Breast Cancer
  • Track 9-6Oral Cancer
  • Track 9-7Leukemia

Geriatrics is the speciality in internal medicine. Geriatrics differs from the standard adult medicine because it focuses on unique needs of elderly person. Aged body is different physiologically from the younger adult body, and during old age, the decline of various organ systems becomes manifest. Previous health issues and lifestyle choices produce a different constellation of the disease and symptoms in different people. The appearance of symptoms depends on remaining healthy reserves in the organs. Smokers, for example, consume their respiratory system reserve early and rapidly. Different diseases under geriatric medicine will be discussed in our scientific sessions.

  • Track 10-1Geriatric Cardiology
  • Track 10-2Geriatric Dentistry
  • Track 10-3Geriatric Dermatology
  • Track 10-4Geriatric Neurology
  • Track 10-5Geriatric Nephrology
  • Track 10-6Geriatric Oncology
  • Track 10-7Geriatric Psychiatry
  • Track 10-8Geriatric Rheumatology
  • Track 10-9Geriatric Rehabilitation

ICD has traditionally grouped diseases by aetiology and by affected organ system. For ICD¬11 the creation of a new chapter for multisystem disorders has been proposed. The following text sets out the rationale for and the possible scope of a multisystem disorders chapter. The concept of multisystem disorders is not new, however the meaning of “multisystem” as used in the literature is largely implicit and rarely defined explicitly except for case definitions of the CDC, and a mention in Webster’s Medical Dictionary. There is an important group of significant disorders which have varied manifestations and can affect so many organs that it is not possible to tie them to a single predominant organ system. Examples include Systemic lupus erythematosus, Dermatopolymyositis, Behçet disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson ’s disease, Polyarteritis nodosa, Sarcoidosis, Wegener granulomatosis, Mitochondrial disorders, Heredofamilial and developmental disorders.

  • Track 11-1Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • Track 11-2Dermatopolymyositis
  • Track 11-3Behçet Disease
  • Track 11-4Multiple Sclerosis
  • Track 11-5Parkinson’s Disease
  • Track 11-6Polyarteritis Nodosa
  • Track 11-7Sarcoidosis
  • Track 11-8Wegener Granulomatosis
  • Track 11-9Mitochondrial Disorders
  • Track 11-10Heredofamilial and Developmental Disorders

Sleep medicine is the medical specialty or subspecialty devoted to diagnosis and therapy of sleep disturbances and disorders. Disorders and disturbances of sleep are widespread and can have significant consequences for affected individuals as well as the economic and other consequences for society research studies have shown that, the leading cause (31%) of fatal-to-the-driver heavy truck crashes is fatigue related with drugs and alcohol as the number two cause (29%). Sleep deprivation. The lack of quality of sleep can have a negative impact on your energy, emotional balance, and the health. Whereas those who are suffering from regular sleeping problems often have an underlying medical or mental health problem, be it is minor or serious. Different health problems which occur due of lack sleep of will be discussed in our scientific sessions.

  • Track 12-1Sleep Disturbances and Accidents
  • Track 12-2Sleep Deprivation and Diabetes
  • Track 12-3Lack of Sleep and Cognitive Dysfunction
  • Track 12-4Depression
  • Track 12-5Skin Aging
  • Track 12-6Weight Gain
  • Track 12-7Memory Problem
  • Track 12-8High Blood Pressure
  • Track 12-9Heart Disease

Clinical pharmacy is a branch of Pharmacy where pharmacists provide patient care, that optimizes the use of medication and promotes health, wellness, and disease prevention. Clinical pharmacists care for patients in all the health care settings but the clinical pharmacy movement initially began inside hospitals and clinics. Clinical pharmacists often collaborate with the physicians and other healthcare professionals. Clinical Pharmacist optimizes the outcomes of internal medicine patients by providing evidence-based, patient- centred medication therapy. This scientific session will focus on Research in Health & Medicine, Radiopharmaceuticals, Nanotechnology, Hospital Pharmacy, Drugs and Regulations, Genetics, Genetic Engineering and Biomedical Engineering, Pharmacological Sciences, Pharmacognosy, Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Phytochemistry, Bio-Pharmaceutics and Pre-formulation Studies.

  • Track 13-1Research in Health & Medicine
  • Track 13-2Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Track 13-3Nanotechnology
  • Track 13-4Hospital Pharmacy, Drugs and Regulations
  • Track 13-5Genetic Engineering and Biomedical Engineering
  • Track 13-6Pharmacological Sciences
  • Track 13-7Pharmacognosy, Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Phytochemistry
  • Track 13-8Bio-Pharmaceutics

The reach of technological innovation continues to grow, changing all the industries as it evolves. In healthcare, the technology is increasingly playing a role in almost all processes, from the patient registration to data monitoring, from lab tests to the self-care tools. Devices like smartphones and tablets are starting to replace the conventional monitoring and recording systems, and people are now given option  for undergoing a full consultation in the privacy of their own homes. Technological advancements in healthcare have contributed to services being taken out of the confines of hospital walls and integrating them with user-friendly, accessible devices. Topics of discussions are Biotechnology in Health Care, Telemedicine, M Health and Portal technology, Bioinformatics in Health Care System, EMR and Health Informatics and Clinical Patient Management System.

  • Track 14-1Biotechnology in Health Care
  • Track 14-2Clinical Patient Management System
  • Track 14-3Telemedicine
  • Track 14-4EMR and Health Informatics
  • Track 14-5Mobile Health and Portal Technology
  • Track 14-6Bioinformatics in Health Care System

Telemedicine is the use of medical information exchanged from one site to the another via electronic communications to improve the patient’s clinical health status. Telemedicine includes a growing variety of applications and the services using two-way video, email, smart phones, wireless tools and the other forms of telecommunications technology. Starting out over 40 years ago with demonstrations of hospitals extending care to the patients in remote areas, use of telemedicine has spread rapidly and is now becoming integrated into the on-going operations of hospitals, specialty departments, home health agencies, private physician offices as well as consumer’s homes and workplaces.  Products and services that are related to telemedicine are often part of a larger investment done by healthcare institutions in either information technology or the delivery of clinical care.

  • Track 15-1Patient Referral Services in Telemedicine
  • Track 15-2Remote Patient Monitoring
  • Track 15-3Patients Medical and Health Information
  • Track 15-4Medical Education
  • Track 15-5Cost Effectiveness
  • Track 15-6Telemedicine and Quality of Care
  • Track 15-7Corporate Wellness and Telemedicine

In medicine, a case report is a detailed report of the patient’s symptoms, signs, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up. Case reports may contain a demographic profile of the patient, but usually describe an unusual or novel occurrence. Some case reports also contain a literature review of others reported. Case reports do have genuinely useful roles in medical research and evidence-based medicine. In particular, they have facilitated recognition of new diseases, adverse effects of treatments.( example: recognition of the link. They can also help understand the clinical spectrum of the rare disease, as well as unusual presentations of common disease. The case report can detail many different aspects of patient’s medical situation (e.g. patient history, physical examination, diagnosis, psychosocial aspects, follow up).Case reports and case studies related to common diseases will be discussed and presented in our scientific sessions.

  • Track 16-1Cardiology Case Reports and studies
  • Track 16-2Oncology Case Reports and Studies
  • Track 16-3Nephrology Case Reports and Studies
  • Track 16-4Urology Case Reports and Studies
  • Track 16-5Pulmonology Case Reports and Studies
  • Track 16-6Geriatrics Case Reports and Studies
  • Track 16-7Endocrinology Case Reports and Studies
  • Track 16-8Intensive Care Medicine Case Reports and Studies
  • Track 16-9Pneumonia Case Reports and Studies
  • Track 16-10Asthma Case Reports and Studies
  • Track 16-11Orthopedic Case Reports and Studies

Children are vital to the nation all the time. Parents and other family members are usually committed to providing every advantage possible to the children in their families, and to ensuring that they are healthy and have the opportunities that they need to fulfill their potential. Highlights of this session are Pediatric Mental Health and Psychology, Pediatric Emergencies and Trauma Treatment, Gastrointestinal and Urogenital Complications in Pediatrics, Pediatric Neurology and Research, Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Preterm-birth Complications and Neonatal Intensive Care, General Pediatrics and Pediatric Immunology and Infectious Diseases.

  • Track 17-1Pediatric Mental Health and Psychology
  • Track 17-2Pediatric Emergencies and Trauma Treatment
  • Track 17-3Gastrointestinal and Urogenital Complications in Pediatrics
  • Track 17-4Pediatric Neurology and Research
  • Track 17-5Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
  • Track 17-6Preterm Birth Complications and Neonatal Intensive Care
  • Track 17-7Pediatric Immunology and Infectious Diseases
  • Track 17-8Pediatric Nutrition

Internal Medicine physicians encounter female patients with disease processes which may be directly related to female reproductive system, or caused by the female reproductive system and its endocrinology. Education in evaluation, examination, diagnosis and, management of basic gynaecological conditions will significantly enhance the internist’s ability to diagnose, treat a broader scope of patients.

  • Track 18-1Genital Tract Infections
  • Track 18-2Breast Cancer
  • Track 18-3Amenorrhea
  • Track 18-4Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
  • Track 18-5Gynaecological Endocrinology
  • Track 18-6Acute and Chronic Pelvic Pain, Including Endometriosis
  • Track 18-7Hormone Replacement Therapy
  • Track 18-8Benign Tumours
  • Track 18-9Cervical Cancer
  • Track 18-10Vulvar and Vaginal Cancer
  • Track 18-11Uterine Cancer
  • Track 18-12Ovarian Cancer
  • Track 18-13Uterine Cancer
  • Track 18-14Urinary Incontinence
  • Track 18-15Osteoporosis
  • Track 18-16Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Women

Physicians with special knowledge in sports medicine, is responsible for continuous care in the field of sports medicine, not only for enhancement of health and fitness, but also for prevention of injury and illness. Knowledge about special areas of medicine such as exercise physiology, biomechanics, nutrition, psychology, physical rehabilitation, epidemiology, physical evaluation, injuries (treatment and prevention), and the role of exercise in promoting a healthy lifestyle are essential to the practice of sports medicine. 

  • Track 19-1Physical Evaluation
  • Track 19-2Exercise Physiology
  • Track 19-3Biomechanics
  • Track 19-4Injuries (Treatment and Prevention)
  • Track 19-5Nutrition
  • Track 19-6Psychology
  • Track 19-7Physical Rehabilitation

Epidemiology is the study of the patterns and causes, effects of health and disease conditions in defined populations. Epidemiology is the cornerstone of public health, and shapes policy decisions and evidence based practice by identifying risk factors for disease and targets for preventive healthcare. Epidemiologists help with study design, collection, and statistical analysis of data, and interpretation and dissemination of results (including peer review and occasional systematic review). Epidemiology has helped develop methodology used in clinical research, public health studies, and, to a lesser extent, basic research in the biological sciences

Major areas of epidemiological study include disease aetiology, transmission, outbreak investigation, disease surveillance and screening, biomonitoring, and comparisons of treatment effects such as in clinical trials. Epidemiologists rely on other scientific disciplines like biology to better understand disease processes, statistics to make efficient use of the data and draw appropriate conclusions, social sciences to better understand proximate and distal causes, and engineering for exposure assessment.

In the late 20th century, with advancement of biomedical sciences, a number of molecular markers in blood, other bio specimens and environment were identified as predictors of development or risk of a certain disease.

The Greek physician Hippocrates, known as the father of medicine, sought logic to sickness; he is the first person known to have examined the relationships between the occurrence of disease and environmental influences. He coined the terms endemic (for diseases usually found in some places but not in others) and epidemic (for diseases that are seen at some times but not others).

The epidemic breakthrough Zika virus is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes .People with Zika virus disease usually have a mild fever, and a skin rash. A strong link between Zika virus and microcephaly is suspected and currently being investigated. Microcephaly is a condition where a baby is born with a small head or the head stops growing after birth. Babies born with microcephaly may develop convulsions and suffer physical and learning disabilities as they grow older.

Zika virus is an emerging mosquito-borne virus that was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in rhesus monkeys through a monitoring network of sylvatic yellow fever. It was subsequently identified in humans in 1952 in Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania. Outbreaks of Zika virus disease have been recorded in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific

CDC issues interim travel guidance related to Zika virus for 14 Countries and Territories in Central and South America and the Caribbean

  • Track 20-1Epidemic Outbreaks (Zika Virus,Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) ,H1N1 Flu ,Rubella,Others)
  • Track 20-2Infectious Disease (including HIV/AIDS, HPV)
  • Track 20-3Diabetes
  • Track 20-4Cardiovascular disease
  • Track 20-5Obesity
  • Track 20-6Cancer
  • Track 20-7Genetics/Genomics
  • Track 20-8Aging
  • Track 20-9Nutrition
  • Track 20-10Pharmacoepidemiology
  • Track 20-11Musculoskeletal Epidemiology
  • Track 20-12Paediatrics
  • Track 20-13Neurologic Epidemiology
  • Track 20-14Women’s Health
  • Track 20-15Biomarkers
  • Track 20-16Epidemiologic Methods
  • Track 20-17Prevention, Behavior, and Lifestyle (including Tobacco)
  • Track 20-18Global Health
  • Track 20-19Environmental Epidemiology

Primary care psychology is the application of psychological knowledge and principles to common physical and mental health problems experienced by patients and their families throughout the life span and presented in primary care.

  • Track 21-1Depression
  • Track 21-2Anxiety
  • Track 21-3Stress
  • Track 21-4Emotional Health
  • Track 21-5Addictions
  • Track 21-6Attention Deficit or Hyperactivity Disorder