RAK Medical and Health Sciences University, UAE
Title: Assessment of Awareness of Chronic Complications of Diabetes among Diabetes Mellitus Patients’ in Ras-Al-Khaimah, UAE.
Biography: Adila Chamavaliyathil
Introduction: UAE has a high prevalence rate of diabetes and its complications too are on rise. Data regarding the awareness of diabetic patients about the complications of diabetes is very less.
Aims & Objectives: To assess the awareness of type2 diabetes patient regarding its complications & to analyze the factors associated with awareness.
Methodology: The study was a quantitative cross-sectional survey-based study. Diabetic patients visiting outpatient’s department in the study sites and were included in the study on the voluntary basis. A self-administered/interviewer assisted 15 item questionnaire was used to measure awareness of the complications of diabetes.
Results: Out of the 400 diabetic patients surveyed, the majority were males (59.5%); in the age group of 50-69 years; and most common nationality was Emirati (n=242,60.5%). 79.4% of respondents mentioned that they were aware of complications of diabetes. However, only 4% of respondents were aware of all seven complications mentioned in the questionnaire and 27.8% cited just two complications. The most commonly known (70.3%) & experienced (58.3%) complications were ophthalmic. Control of blood glucose and blood pressure level was the most commonly cited preventive measure (84.48%). 91.8% of the respondents received information on diabetes from the doctors. Parameters such as age, gender, nationality, education, blood glucose level and duration of diabetes were significantly (p<0.05) associated with diabetes-related complications.
Conclusion: Even though the overall awareness regarding the diabetes-related complications was high (79.4%), it’s a matter of concern that only 4% knew about all the seven complications This signifies the continuous patient education regarding diabetes-related complications & its prevention